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Старый 23.09.2020, 18:07   #1
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По умолчанию Новые книги - на английском

В 2020 г. вышли две книги на английском об истории махновского движения (одна - на основе обсуждавшейся ранее диссертации) - "Махно и память. Анархистские и меннонитские нарративы гражданской войны в Украине, 1917-1921" Шона Паттерсона и "Нестор Махно и сельский анархизм в Украине, 1917-1921" Колина Дарча.

Makhno and Memory. Anarchist and Mennonite Narratives of Ukraine’s Civil War, 1917–1921
Sean Patterson

Nestor Makhno has been called a revolutionary anarchist, a peasant rebel, the Ukrainian Robin Hood, a mass-murderer, a pogromist, and a devil. These epithets had their origins in the Russian Civil War (1917–21), where the military forces of the peasant-anarchist Nestor Makhno and Mennonite colonists in southern Ukraine came into conflict. In autumn 1919, Makhnovist troops and local peasant sympathizers murdered more than 800 Mennonites in a series of large-scale massacres.

The history of that conflict has been fraught with folklore, ideological battles and radically divergent cultural memories, in which fact and fiction often seamlessly blend, conjuring a multitude of Makhnos, each one shouting its message over the other.

Drawing on theories of collective memory and narrative analysis, Makhno and Memory brings a vast array of Makhnovist and Mennonite sources into dialogue, including memoirs, histories, diaries, newspapers, and archival material. A diversity of perspectives are brought into relief through the personal reminiscences of Makhno and his anarchist sympathizers alongside Mennonite pacifists and advocates for armed self-defense.

Through a meticulous analysis of the Makhnovist-Mennonite conflict and a micro-study of the Eichenfeld massacre of November 1919, Sean Patterson attempts to make sense of the competing cultural memories and presents new ways of thinking about Makhno and his movement. Makhno and Memory offers a convincing reframing of the Mennonite-Makhno relationship that will force a scholarly reassessment of this period.

Nestor Makhno and Rural Anarchism in Ukraine, 1917-1921
Colin Darch

Histories of the Russian Revolution often present the Bolshevik seizure of power in 1917 as the central event, neglecting the diverse struggles of urban and rural revolutionaries across the heartlands of the Russian Empire. This book takes as its subject one such struggle, the anarcho-communist peasant revolt led by Nestor Makhno in left-bank Ukraine, locating it in the context of the final collapse of the Empire that began in 1914.

Between 1917 and 1921, the Makhnovists fought German and Austrian invaders, reactionary monarchist forces, Ukrainian nationalists and sometimes the Bolsheviks themselves. Drawing upon anarchist ideology, the Makhnovists gathered widespread support amongst the Ukrainian peasantry, taking up arms when under attack and playing a significant role - in temporary alliance with the Red Army - in the defeats of the White Generals Denikin and Wrangel. Often dismissed as a kulak revolt, or a manifestation of Ukrainian nationalism, Colin Darch analyses the successes and failures of the Makhnovist movement, emphasising its revolutionary character.

Over 100 years after the revolutions, this book reveals a lesser known side of 1917, contributing both to histories of the period and broadening the narrative of 1917, whilst enriching the lineage of anarchist history.
Кроме того, в 2022 г. планируется публикация книги "Анархия на Украине: Нестор Махно и российские гражданские войны" Джонатана Смила, бывшего редактора журнала "Revolutionary Russia":
Smele, Jonathan D., Anarchy in the Ukraine: Nestor Makhno and the Russian Civil Wars. London: Hurst, 2022 (Forthcoming).

Последний раз редактировалось Ihgd; 23.09.2020 в 18:14.
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6 пользователя(ей) сказали cпасибо:
Algis (23.09.2020), Дубовик (24.09.2020), Сергей Шведов (24.09.2020), Сидоров-Кащеев (02.10.2020), Старый (24.09.2020), Юрий К. (23.09.2020)

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